[Zhiyuan Directed Reading] This article is excerpted from the article "Fighting the Fire of War - The Development of the Method of Capturing and Controlling War by Airborne Commando Units in Conflict Areas" published in the 4th issue of Russian Army Anthology in 2018. Russian paratroopers are independent armed forces directly controlled by the Russian Supreme Command. They have participated in wars, large-scale exercises and training of the Russian army and performed well. In this paper, a research paper on the development of commando-subordinate airborne units in the conflict area is written for the Russian close-guard colonel. The application of the subordinate units of the first-level combat unit in the internal armed conflict is analyzed in detail, including principles, pre-war preparations, combat execution and so on. The following excerpts of the operation of the airborne assault unit are discussed. The report is full of about 16000 words. Please read more about http://www.knowfar.org.cn/.
Operation of airborne assault unit
Airborne commandos usually carry out their missions using reinforced units, while completing several different tasks, in close coordination with other forces in the process of making use of guerrilla warfare and terrorist activities to pose a constant threat to the enemy, an independent source of resistance.
The main tasks of airborne assault groups may include:
Support the expansion of force (force) clusters in areas of internal armed conflict;
• demonstrate preparation for action;
• eradication of illegal armed groups;
Control designated areas, objectives and boundaries;
Participate in the implementation of garrison and escort convoys;
• strengthen vigilance against national borders and waters.
Regiments usually enter the area of internal armed conflict under daytime conditions. The strengthening equipment of the detachment column should be ready for immediate action. The unit command post should be located in the marching column, and the regiment command post should normally March behind the advance unit. In order to prevent the military columns from being surrounded and provoked by local residents, they should bypass the settlements as far as possible.
The seizure of territory occupied by the enemy and the establishment of control over it require offensive action, including:
Capture the target and area in the area of responsibility and establish a base close to the airport (port);
- Expanding the territory under control by liberating the new area, providing protection and handing it over to local governments in the next step;
- Undertaking raids and special operations in depth in territories controlled by illegal armed groups, destroying their supplies, destroying their bases (centers) and vital forces.
Restrictions on areas of internal armed conflict should begin with the adoption of vigilance, isolation and restriction measures, and the further establishment of security zones in areas adjacent to internal conflicts, so as to prevent the infiltration of enemies into areas of conflict; prevent infiltration, destruction and terrorist attacks; and impose blockades on enemies in areas of responsibility and further eliminate them.
At this point, the regiment may move forward to the designated area and turn to defensive operations on the basis of independent strongholds.
The tasks of the stronghold include:
Cover the most important areas and traffic lines.
• establish a special system for entering and entering areas of internal armed conflict;
• provide cover for the border of the state (administrative);
Participation in demonstrations;
• prepare for the next move.
In the territory under control, it coordinates with other troops, local governments and law enforcement departments to maintain the established legal system, organize military security services, reconnaissance and vigilance, guard against important targets, and carry out search and ambush and patrol operations.
According to the area of the territory under control, a warning zone should be established, in which checkpoints should be set up, electronic reconnaissance units should be deployed, and reconnaissance and search units should be carried out. The organization observed close proximity to neighbouring areas, settlements, troops and logistics targets. Obstacles, road hubs, bridges and mountain access can be set up in secondary directions, flanks and uncontrolled areas.
In order to enlarge the territory under control, it is necessary to carry out active offensive, reconnaissance, combat and search operations, organize ambushes, block areas and search for enemies.
Reconnaissance operations are usually carried out by reinforced units (squadrons) with the aim of identifying enemies, their bases (centres), reconnaissance personnel, weapons and ammunition, equipment and other materials, and further seizing (destroying) them.
In order to prevent conflicts in the regiment's area of responsibility (theater of war) in the implementation of tasks, in the region (theater of war) border tasks should be organized with the cooperation between friends and neighbors.
When smashing and destroying armed organizations, it is necessary to cooperate closely with other units. The regiment usually smashes and destroys the enemy in the areas it occupies (close to the settlements), encircles them and destroys the defense center. In addition, the power of the regiment can also be used to strengthen and protect the operations of other units. Other units independently or in collaboration with parachuting (airborne assault) units carry out operations to search and destroy the enemy.
In the area of responsibility / location, the regiment can search the enemy in blocked / unblocked areas / settlements. The operation can be divided into two stages: the first stage - blockade of designated areas, the second stage - search for enemies (search for terrain). In case of obtaining accurate information about the position of the enemy, it can be encircled.
The battle sequence of the division (sub) team may include blockade unit (group), search unit, assault, fire group (squadron) and reserve force, as well as Tactical Airborne and armored units. At the same time, a detainee (captive) escort group can be established.
The blockade area can be divided into several sub area (lots). The blockaded boundaries are delineated according to the blocks to ensure easy access, concealment for easy occupation and deployment of detachments, and better field of vision for close firing. During the blockade, strict protection is needed for roads and forest areas leading to residential areas. The gap between units should be covered by engineering obstacles and firepower. To build a single or paired trench in the blockade, the positions of the detachment should be carefully disguised. The enemy's possible route should be cut off by a guard (ambush team) in platoons. Passage checkpoints can be constructed in the blockade to check and release local residents and vehicles, and anti-osmosis stations should be established with members of the military anti-reconnaissance and procuratorial organs.
The regiment combat team shall coordinate the operations of the detachment, especially when the enemy is found or when the boundary between the line of alignment and the final boundary is reached. When we reach the blockade boundary, we should choose the route reasonably and use the night or other poor visibility conditions. The occupied territories can be implemented by foot units, and the assembly points of their equipment can be located 2-3 km away from them.
Depending on the existing forces and equipment, terrain conditions and situation, the search may be a single area or a single area selected. The entire region can be viewed in a single search, while the individual directions, regions, and targets are selected for the search. The blocked areas can be divided into several blocks, and then each of them is inspected in sequence. According to the method of action, the search action can be divided into unidirectional and directional. According to the direction, section and goal, the compound method may be adopted. Search operations are usually carried out after the completion of the blockade in designated areas.
The unit designated to perform the search task occupies the departure location, advances to the departure boundary at the specified time (according to the signal) and proceeds to perform the designated task. In the case of enemy discovery, fire units, assault squadrons and reserve forces should be dispatched to carry out encirclement and subsequent capture/extermination operations. In the case of enemy breakthrough, the unit located in the blockade should normally remain on the position until the end of the search mission, cutting off the direction of the enemy's withdrawal, and the pursuit action is carried out by the unit carrying out the search operation.
Search speed should ensure careful searches for terrain, living buildings, buildings and other objects at speeds of 3 km/h in open terrain, 2 km/h in moderately undulating terrain and 1 km/h in mountains, forests and cities.
Weapons and ammunition found should be recovered, persons suspected of entering the blockade unit positions should be arrested and handed over to the law enforcement authorities, and those who resist should be eliminated. In order to prevent persons located in the blockade from leaking information about the operations of the troops, they should be detained until the end of the operations. The alignment area (alignment line) can be designated according to the apparent orientation of the object 1.5-2 hours after the launch of the search.
Direct artillery is usually used centrally, and artillery units are used to provide support to units carrying out independent operations, usually for artillery battalions (companies) and battalions (companies).
Residential areas or their separate areas can be completely blocked to identify the presence of civilians, enemies and defense readiness. The boundary of the blockade is drawn from the edge of the residential area to the farthest distance of the effective range of the small arms. After communicating the requirements and conditions for the surrender of weapons and ammunition, and marking safety corridors for civilians to leave within a specified time, the search (control) of residential areas began.
The regiment imposed a blockade, followed by teams of other troops searching the settlements for certificates, defenses and other buildings. When confronted with resistance, battles are organized in the cities to launch assaults on buildings (targets) with the highest degree of reinforcement. In order to prevent the enemy from launching attacks on the flank (rear) of the attacking unit, it is necessary to organize defense against the captured building (target) and transfer it to other units in the next step.
The movement of detachments and individual soldiers in settlements is carried out by means of camouflage constructed from local materials to prevent the enemy from killing and observing fire along the streets and between houses.
The use of force vigilance and defence against important targets should be in line with regional defence plans and the decision of the Force Commander to prevent them from being seized (destroyed). A circular defense should be organized around the target, and its territory and adjacent areas should be divided into the responsibility areas of the detachment. Relying on passive security methods will enhance the initiative and effectiveness of enemy actions.
Special areas can be established around important administrative centres, airports, power stations, tunnels and other targets, and special means can be adopted:
• establish a system of access and internal targets;
• restrict movement in the region within specified time;
To reach and leave special areas, checkpoints should be passed to register personnel and vehicles.
The main method of target security is to send sentinels to the level of reinforcement.
The road to sentinel should be equipped with engineering obstacles.
Build up ammunition, food, fuel and water reserves.
Establish a system of observation and warning, dispatch dark and clear sentinels on covert adjacent ground, and send patrols.
Fortifications and fortifications should be fortified.
Local residents are prohibited from entering the location of sentinel posts.
Where the enemy might be, their route of advance (withdrawal), and what they might attack
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